Physician Resources

Extensive clinical outcome data is available to support the interventional radiology procedures offered at IHS, as well as provide guidance as to which of your patients are eligible. To view these resources, click on one of the conditions or procedures listed below.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Including stent grafting

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Deep vein thrombosis
Including catheter-directed thrombolysis

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Pain management
Including steroid injections, nerve blocks and more

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  2. Manchikanti L, Pampati V, Falco FJE, Hirsch JA. Growth of spinal interventional pain management techniques: Analysis of utilization trends and medicare expenditures 2000 to 2008. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2013;38:157–68.
  3. Manchikanti L, Soin A, Mann DP, Bakshi S, Pampati V, Hirsch JA. Comparative Analysis of Utilization of Epidural Procedures in Managing Chronic Pain in the Medicare Population: Pre and Post Affordable Care Act. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2019;44:220–32.
  4. Kim LH, Vail D, Azad TD, Bentley JP, Zhang Y, Ho AL, et al. Expenditures and Health Care Utilization Among Adults With Newly Diagnosed Low Back and Lower Extremity Pain. JAMA Netw Open 2019;2:e193676.
  5. Palmer WE. Spinal injections for pain management. Radiology 2016;281:669–88.
  6. Wu PH, Kim HS, Jang IT. Intervertebral disc diseases part 2: A review of the current diagnostic and treatment strategies for intervertebral disc disease. Int J Mol Sci 2020;21.
  7. Bicket MC, Gupta A, Brown Iv CH, Cohen SP. Epidural injections for spinal pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the “control” injections in randomized controlled trials. Anesthesiology 2013;119:907–31.
  8. Van Boxem K, Rijsdijk M, Hans G, de Jong J, Kallewaard JW, Vissers K, et al. Safe Use of Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: Recommendations of the WIP Benelux Work Group. Pain Pract 2019;19:61–92.
  9. Furman MB, Giovanniello MT, O’Brien EM. Incidence of intravascular penetration in transforaminal cervical epidural steroid injections. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2003;28:21–5.

Peripheral artery disease
Including angioplasty, stenting and atherectomy

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Uterine fibroids
Including uterine fibroid embolization (UFE)

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  2. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG practice bulletin: alternatives to hysterectomy in the management of leiomyomas. Obstet Gynecol 2008;112(2 pt 1):387–400. Medline, Google Scholar
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Varicose veins
Including sclerotherapy, RF ablation, adhesive and EVLT procedures


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RF Ablation

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Endovenous treatment vs surgery

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Vertebral compression fractures
Including vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty

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